Chapter Five, Is There a God? describes four proofs or grounds for believing in God: the cosmological or first mover argument; the teleological or design argument; the ontological or by-reason-alone argument; and the moral or ethical argument. If you were in a conversation with an unbeliever and you were asked for a proof or evidence of Gods existence, which of the four arguments would you begin with? Why? Would you provide any personal evidence that might not be related to the traditional arguments?
Wilkens suggests that the existence of evil is the greatest intellectual difficulty to the theist position. If God is all loving, He would not want people to suffer. If God is all powerful, He would be able to stop suffering. Suffering does indeed exist, so God is either not all loving or not all powerful logically speaking. But Christian theology contends that God both all loving and all powerful. How would you defend a belief in an all-loving and all-powerful God along with an acceptance of the reality of evil?
Chapter 5 is attached below